Toilet training is a gradual process and Parents play a key role in this . they should provide motivation , guidance besides being patient as the child achieves various steps at his or her own pace.
WHEN TO BEGIN TOILET TRAINING YOUR CHILD: ?
Readiness to begin toilet training varies with every child . In general, the readiness skills and physical development occur between age 18 months and 2.5 years.
Your child will show cues that he or she is developmentally ready. Some of the Signs which indicate that the child is ready are :
- Your child begins to put things where they belong.
- Your child can demonstrate independence by saying “no.”
- Your child can imitate your behavior.
- Your child showing interest in toilet training (eg, following you to the bathroom).
- Your child can walk and is ready to sit down.
- Your child can indicate first when he is “going” (urinating or defecating) and then when he needs to “go.”
Getting started :—- select the time of day when the child is most comfortable/ cooperative with respect to his / her mood at that time
- You Should keep something for distractions that will keep him or her comfortable on the potty chair. For example, reading a story to your child may help keep him or her interested.
- Parents should be ready to encourage and reassure him or her at each step.
Timing is important. Toilet training should not be started when the child is going through an illness or is stress or cranky .Do not stress or pressurize the child for training as it may be counterproductive . If the process is too stressful, he or she may begin to withhold urine or stool.
What To Do
- Get a potty chair. Many children feel more secure on a potty chair than on a toilet because when they sit, their feet are securely on the floor and they are not afraid of falling off or in.
- Let your child to become familiar with the potty chair. Place the chair in the play area so that he / she can touch / observe and get comfortable with it before attempting to use it.
- If your child is afraid of the potty chair, don’t pressure him or her to use it. Put toilet training aside for 1 or 2 months, and give your child time to get used to the idea of the potty chair and to be comfortable with it.
- Let your child first sit on the potty chair fully clothed once a day as a routine. Also, let your child leave the potty chair at any time, and never force your child to spend time sitting on it.
- After your child is comfortable sitting on the potty chair with clothes on, let him or her sit there without clothes.
- Take the stool from your child’s diaper and put it into his or her potty chair so that your child can see where it should go.
Parents should Make this experience as positive, natural, and nonthreatening as possible so that your child feels confident that he or she is doing it on his or her own.
- Encourage imitation. When you sit on the toilet, allow your child to sit on the potty chair beside you.
- Boys should learn to urinate sitting first, because if they stand first, they may not want to sit to have a bowel movement.
- Start a routine with regular reminders beginning with one time a day—after breakfast or maybe at bath time when your child is already undressed.
- Praise your child whenever he or she tells you that he/she needs to go and when your child tells you without being reminded.